Shoulder-in and Half Passes (under construction!)
Equal spacing of its four phases allows the long contact times of the dressage walk to illustrate the crossing of the front legs and the tracking of the hind legs along the wall.
Raynyday Maximillian in shoulder-in in walk (above).
Raynyday Maximillian in trot counter change of hand (above) (half pass right, half pass left).
BELOW are four frames from the half pass right that are indicative of its difficulty for the horse. Note the very different use of each diagonal pair for balance and thrust against the ground. Max does not change tempo in either half pass, an indication of fairly symmetrical development of his body. Exercises on classical square voltes are important to develop the range of motion, strength, sense of balance and of coordination that make this a potent exercise for gymnastic development.